Key Provisions of the CARES Act

Distributions can be waived in 2020 for Inherited Accounts, 401(k)s, and IRAs.

Recently, the $2 trillion “Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security” (“CARES”) Act was signed into law. The CARES Act is designed to help those most impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, while also providing key provisions that may benefit retirees.1

To put this monumental legislation in perspective, Congress earmarked $800 billion for the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 during the financial crisis.1

The CARES Act has far-reaching implications for many. Here are the most important provisions to keep in mind:

Stimulus Check Details. Americans can expect a one-time direct payment of up to $1,200 for individuals (or $2,400 for married couples) with an additional $500 per child under age 17. These payments are based on the 2019 tax returns for those who have filed them and 2018 information if they have not. The amount is reduced if an individual makes more than $75,000 or a couple makes more than $150,000. Those who make more than $99,000 as an individual (or $198,000 as a couple) will not receive a payment.1

Business Owner Relief. The act also allocates $500 billion for loans, loan guarantees, or investments to businesses, states, and municipalities.1

Your Inherited 401(k)s. People who have inherited 401(k)s or Individual Retirement Accounts can suspend distributions in 2020. Required distributions don’t apply to people with Roth IRAs; although, they do apply to investors who inherit Roth accounts.2

RMDs Suspended. The CARES Act suspends the minimum required distributions most people must take from 401(k)s and IRAs in 2020. In 2009, Congress passed a similar rule, which gave retirees some flexibility when considering distributions.2,3

Withdrawal Penalties. Account owners can take a distribution of up to $100,000 from their retirement plan or IRA in 2020, without the 10-percent early withdrawal penalty that normally applies to money taken out before age 59½. But remember, you still owe the tax.4 Many businesses and individuals are struggling with the realities that COVID-19 has brought to our communities. The CARES Act, however, may provide some much-needed relief. Contact your financial professional today to see if these special 2020 distribution rules are appropriate for your situation.

This material was prepared by MarketingPro, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. This information has been derived from sources believed to be accurate. Please note – investing involves risk, and past performance is no guarantee of future results. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is neither a solicitation nor recommendation to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should not be relied upon as such. All indices are unmanaged and are not illustrative of any particular investment.

Under the CARES act, an accountholder who already took a 2020 distribution has up to 60 days to return the distribution without owing taxes on it. This material is not intended as tax or legal advice. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. Under the SECURE Act, your required minimum distribution (RMD) must be distributed by the end of the 10th calendar year following the year of the Individual Retirement Account (IRA) owner’s death. Penalties may occur for missed RMDs. Any RMDs due for the original owner must be taken by their deadlines to avoid penalties. A surviving spouse of the IRA owner, disabled or chronically ill individuals, individuals who are not more than 10 years younger than the IRA owner, and children of the IRA owner who have not reached the age of majority may have other minimum distribution requirements.

Under the CARES act, an accountholder who already took a 2020 distribution has up to 60 days to return the distribution without owing taxes on it. This material is not intended as tax or legal advice. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. Under the SECURE Act, in most circumstances, once you reach age 72, you must begin taking required minimum distributions from a Traditional Individual Retirement Account (IRA). Withdrawals from Traditional IRAs are taxed as ordinary income, and if taken before age 59½, may be subject to a 10% federal income tax penalty. You may continue to contribute to a Traditional IRA past age 70½ under the SECURE Act, as long as you meet the earned-income requirement.

Account holders can always withdraw more. But if they take less than the minimum required, they could be subject to a 50% penalty on the amount they should have withdrawn – except for 2020.

Securities offered through Private Client Services, Member FINRA/SIPC. Advisory products and services offered through US Advisory Group, a Registered Investment Advisor.  Private Client Services and US Advisory Group are unaffiliated entities. 


1 – CNBC.com, March 25, 2020.

2 – The Wall Street Journal, March 25, 2020.

3 – The Wall Street Journal, March 25, 2020.

4 – The Wall Street Journal, March 25, 2020.

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A Reset in the Midst of Unprecedented Uncertainty

At US Advisory Group, we are committed to helping our clients navigate these challenging times.  While we continue to monitor the economic changes that are happening at an unprecedented, rapid pace, we are also taking all recommendations by our local and national experts seriously.  The health and safety of our clients, employees and communities that we serve is incredibly important to us.  We know that this virus is unsettling to all of you and we want to let you know what we are doing about it and how we will continue to assist you.

First, a quick reset on recent financial events

One month ago, major US equity indices registered all-time highs, and new employment numbers, GDP, and corporate earnings data suggested the US economy was strong as ever. Interest rates were low and stable, the Tariff rhetoric had subsided, and we were gearing up for 2020: The Year of the Election. We were heading towards a positive opening quarter of 2020 on the heels of a year where we saw enormous growth in both of the leading equity indexes. On February 12, the Dow Jones closed at 29,551. 

The last few weeks have been dominated by extreme and historically large pull-backs due to Coronavirus fears, along with a few other factors.  After Monday’s close (3/16/20), the Dow has fallen to 20,187, close to January 2017-levels. As we have mentioned many times in this space, the markets do not perform well under uncertainty – COVID-19 has proven the axiom tenfold. Monday’s -2,997-point drop was the largest one-day-decline in Dow Jones history. In the last month, the Dow Jones has seen daily changes of > 1,000 points ten times, including three days of over 2,000-point swings.  Monday’s change represented a decline of 12.9%, the 2nd largest ever.  To be clear – volatility is normal, and to be expected for stock/equity investors. Most years have multiple 5% swings in the market. But these levels are clearly historically atypical. We believe, along with many of the analysts we follow daily, that the market has already priced in a recession, as the 30% drop in the Dow most obviously indicates.  The bigger question remains how long we will stay down.

Why the Drop? COVID-19 is Answer #1

When we talk about uncertainty, COVID-19/the coronavirus presents the most complete scenario imaginable for investors.  While experts predict cases will continue to rise as testing becomes more available and accurate, there are questions about how this will affect supply chains and services, let alone who is sick or contagious.  What we do know is that testing capacity is being ramped up and the US Government’s response from a medical/healthcare policy perspective appears to be trending in the right direction. We can also draw some conclusions from how other countries have responded, albeit these are not apples-to-apples comparisons. China is perhaps most comparable from an economic perspective, and we at USAG are buoyed by actual data that show the Chinese economy getting back online at a rather rapid pace – we will be watching this closely and more on this as the picture becomes more clear.

With the US Federal healthcare response causing some of the market turmoil in the last few weeks, the US Government’s economic response has been frustrating for investors as well.  Monday, the White House said that it supports the idea of sending cash payments directly to Americans as part of a broader $850 billion stimulus proposal.1 We believe the market will react favorably to concrete leadership, and it seems as if the government has taken this far more seriously in the past few days than in weeks past.  While we know this will not single-handedly turn around a falling stock market, we also know that the fewer questions the market has about government leadership the better.

Additionally, the Federal Reserve (the Fed) cut interest rates on 3/3 by half a percent.2 This was another historically unprecedented move, and already-jittery investors, fearing the Fed knew something they didn’t, fueled another rapid stock market selloff.  On Sunday, March 15, the Fed went further in slashing rates, this time by a full percentage point to near zero.3 The moves are aimed at stabilizing the stock market and allowing business across the country to borrow money more easily in order to stave off recession. So far, the moves have yet to yield a less volatile stock market. Having said that, we believe the Fed’s actions were and are absolutely necessary – what is important, however, is that they are working in concert with and in conjunction with Congressional & Trump Administration policymakers.

Finally, on top of all the fears around COVID-19, Russia & Saudi Arabia have decided to get into an oil war following an abrupt end to negotiations on easing oil supply in the current global economic environment. The falling price of oil has had a ripple effect on many industries.  Crude oil settled at a 4 year low on Monday, with US prices below $30 a barrel.4 The timing of Russia and Saudi Arabia’s plans was both unpredictable and alarming, and adds another layer of uncertainty for investors to work through.

So What is Next? 

Coronavirus WILL be contained, businesses will get back to business, and the US economy will roll on. It will certainly take weeks and months to recover, but we started 2020 with a solid economic foundation, and we can get back to that point. We will be living in a post-Corona-world, but we will get back on track! Again, China has levers to pull that the US does not, and vice-versa, but as an economic engine, the Chinese market is already showing signs of getting back to pre-virus strength. The US can absolutely do the same. The coming weeks will be consequential as tests are given to more citizens and we learn more about the spreading, containment, and treatment of COVID-19, and they will be consequential for markets as well.

In the meantime, as always, we will continue to monitor & adjust our portfolios as needed, even if the State asks us to work remotely.  As we relayed last week, we take an individual approach to all of our portfolios to ensure asset allocation aligns with each of our clients’ needs, and that philosophy remains the same.

In light of the Fed’s moves (lower rates & greater liquidity), we made adjustments last week to a portion of our fixed income allocations.  We lean towards shortening the duration and high credit worthiness of the debt we want to own.  Fixed Income is an instrument we use to dampen volatility in your portfolios, and relative to your benchmarks, we are doing well there.

On the equity side of portfolios, we are confident in the managers and analysts we use in our portfolio construction.  It is important to emphasize, the ETFs that many of you own have active management in many cases, which means that investment decisions are made continuously to best position a given allocation for the intended purpose of a specific fund.  At this time, given the spike in volatility and uncertainty about the direction or duration of what lies ahead, we are sticking with the equity managers that we have used to grow our portfolios at a time when the market was in the “later innings” of the market cycle – this is intentional, deliberate, and by design!

Having said that, the same managers and styles we want to use for the next part of this cycle may be a bit different as the market settles and the economic outlook grows less hazy and more opportunistic. We have no intention of abandoning the strategies that are time-tested and data-driven, but we will be looking to likely add more opportunistic tools as the market begins its recovery – we will be talking about this more with all of you on both a larger & individual basis, and this is not something we are planning to do in the immediate future, but more on this as volatility settles over the coming weeks.

We will closely evaluate opportunities that will undoubtedly arise from this crisis with the goal of stability and generating higher returns.  When we identity those opportunities, we have the tools to capitalize and we will communicate our thoughts at that time.  It is important to remember: Markets rebound! A brief look at history reminds us of this. Even in the last 24 months, we saw a 20% dip in the 4th Quarter of 2018, the markets recovered. In February 2018, a trade dispute with China sent the market down 10%, markets recovered.  While there are obvious differences at play here, we believe in the resiliency of the market & the US economy as a whole.

When it comes to investing, we believe we add value to our clients in two ways: We provide a guiding hand to reduce emotional behavior so that you can realize your investment goals, and we provide an exceptional blend of both active & passive management for your portfolios, especially for when markets become unpredictable and uncertain. Every day, we get more information about our fight with COVID-19.  It may take months, but we will get through this. We thank you for the confidence you have placed in us.  And we will continue to keep you all apprised of our ongoing efforts. Please do not hesitate to reach out to us anytime.

In the meantime, let’s all practice the new “social distancing” policy – stay safe, and stay healthy!


  • Tucker, Chris,
    & Rick McDonald
  1. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/17/world/coronavirus-update-latest-news.html
  2. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/03/business/economy/fed-rate-cut.html
  3. https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/03/15/federal-reserve-slashes-interest-rates-zero-part-wide-ranging-emergency-intervention/
  4. https://www.marketwatch.com/story/oil-prices-plunge-after-fed-move-doesnt-stem-fears-of-global-economic-collapse-2020-03-16
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